PSRP1 Is Not a Ribosomal Protein, but a Ribosome-binding Factor That Is Recycled by the Ribosome-recycling Factor (RRF) and Elongation Factor G (EF-G)
Plastid-specific ribosomal proteins (PSRPs) have been proposed to play roles in the light-dependent regulation of chloroplast translation. Here we demonstrate that PSRP1 is not a bona fide ribosomal protein, but rather a functional homologue of the Escherichia coli cold-shock protein pY. Three-dimensional Cryo-electron microscopic (Cryo-EM) reconstructions reveal that, like pY, PSRP1 binds within the intersubunit space of the 70S ribosome, at a site overlapping the positions of mRNA and A- and P-site tRNAs. PSRP1 induces conformational changes within ribosomal components that comprise several intersubunit bridges, including bridge B2a, thereby stabilizes the ribosome against dissociation.Wefind that the presence ofPSRP1/pYlowers the binding of tRNA to the ribosome. Furthermore, similarly to tRNAs, PSRP1/pY is recycled from the ribosome by the concerted action of the ribosome-recycling factor (RRF) and elongation factor G (EF-G). These results suggest a novel function for EF-G and RRF in the post-stress return of PSRP1/pY-inactivated ribosomes to the actively translating pool.