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The Fe(II) and 2-oxoglutarate-dependent oxygenase Alkb homologue 1 (Alkbh1) has been shown to act on a wide range of substrates, like DNA, tRNA and histones. Thereby different enzymatic activities have been identified including, among others, demethylation of N3-methylcytosine (m3C) in RNA- and single-stranded DNA oligonucleotides, demethylation of ...

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The Scientific Oktoberfest will be this years meeting point for some of the internationally most distinguished researchers in the field of Life Science Chemistry & Biology.

The CIPSM Scientific Oktoberfest will be held from the 19th to the 20th of September at the Institute of Advanced Study IAS in Garching near Munich. At the two-day conference, researchers ...

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The TATA-binding protein (TBP) and a transcription factor (TF) IIB-like factor compound the fundamental core of all eukaryotic initiation complexes. The reason for the emergence and strict requirement of the additional intiation factor Bdp1, which is unique to the RNA polymerase (RNAP) III sytem, however, remained elusive. A poorly studied aspect in this context ...

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Psoralens are natural compounds that serve in the light dependent treatment of certain skin diseases (PUVA therapy). They are DNA intercalators that upon photoexcitation form adducts with thymine bases. For one psoralen derivative, 4′-aminomethyl-4,5′,8-trimethylpsoralen (AMT), the photoreactions are characterized here by nanosecond UV–vis and IR absorption ...

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Lipid droplets (LDs) are ubiquitous organelles comprising a central hub for cellular lipid metabolism and trafficking. This role is tightly associated with their interactions with several cellular organelles. Here, we provide a systematic and quantitative structural description of LDs in their native state in HeLa cells enabled by cellular cryoelectron ...

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Assembling composite DNA modules from custom DNA parts has become routine due to recent technological breakthroughs such as Golden Gate modular cloning. Using Golden Gate, one can efficiently assemble custom transcription units and piece units together to generate higher-order assemblies. Although Golden Gate cloning systems have been developed to assemble DNA ...

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Requirements for novel bioconjugation reactions for the synthesis of Antibody‐Drug‐Conjugates (ADCs) are exceptionally high, since conjugation selectivity as well as stability and hydrophobicity of linkers and payloads drastically influence the performance and safety profile of the final product. Herein we describe Cys‐selective ethynylphosphonamidates as new ...

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Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is an aggressive hematologic neoplasm resulting from the malignant transformation of myeloid progenitors. Despite intensive chemotherapy leading to initial treatment responses, relapse caused by intrinsic or acquired drug resistance represents a major challenge. Here, we report that histone 3 lysine 27 demethylase KDM6A (UTX) is ...

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Affinity maturation of the humoral immune response depends on somatic hypermutation (SHM) of immunoglobulin (Ig) genes, which is initiated by targeted lesion introduction by activation-induced deaminase (AID), followed by error-prone DNA repair. Stringent regulation of this process is essential to prevent genetic instability, but no negative feedback control has ...

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Tripeptides with two consecutive prolines are the shortest and most frequent sequences causing ribosome stalling. The bacterial translation elongation factor P (EF-P) relieves this arrest, allowing protein biosynthesis to continue. A seven amino acids long loop between beta-strands β3/β4 is crucial for EF-P function and modified at its tip by lysylation of lysine ...

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Small regulatory RNAs (sRNAs) are crucial components of many stress response systems. The envelope stress response (ESR) of Gram‐negative bacteria is a paradigm for sRNA‐mediated stress management and involves, among other factors, the alternative sigma factor E (σE) and one or more sRNAs. In this study, we identified the MicV sRNA as a new member of the σE ...

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Wir freuen uns über ein gelungenes Richtfest des neuen Institutes für Chemische Epigenetik am 13.5.2019 auf dem Campus Großhadern.

Wir danken mit Nachdruck allen Arbeitern, Ingenieuren, Architekten und Planern, die unseren schönen Forschungsbau so schnell und professionell erbaut haben.

Großer Dank gilt Sigrid Bauer für ihre ausgezeichnete Organisation des ...

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The carboxy-terminal domain (CTD) of the largest subunit of RNA polymerase II (Pol II) consists of 26 and 52 heptad-repeats in yeast and mammals, respectively. Studies in yeast showed that the strong periodicity of the YSPTSPS heptads is dispensable for cell growth and that di-heptads interspersed by spacers can act as minimal functional units (MFUs) to fulfil ...

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Prof. Thomas Carell from CIPSM and Dr. Alexander Karp, founder and CEO of Palantir Technologies (Palo Alto) were elected into the BASF supervisory board (Aufsichtsrat).

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Bisacylphosphane oxides (BAPOs) are established as photoinitiators for industrial applications. Light irradiation leads to their photolysis, producing radicals. Radical species induce oxidative stress in cells and may cause cell death. Hence, BAPOs may be suitable as photolatent cytotoxic agents, but such applications have not been investigated yet. Herein, we ...

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A complex relationship exists between environmental factors, signaling networks and phenotypic individuality in bacteria. In this review, we will focus on the organization, function and control points of multiple-input histidine kinase-based signaling cascades as a source of phenotypic heterogeneity. In particular, we will examine the quorum sensing cascade in ...

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Methanotrophs play a prominent role in the global carbon cycle, by oxidizing the potent greenhouse gas methane to CO2. Methane is first converted into methanol by methane monooxygenase. This methanol is subsequently oxidized by either a calcium-dependent MxaF-type or a lanthanide-dependent XoxF-type methanol dehydrogenase (MDH). Electrons from methanol oxidation ...

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We introduce a chemoenzymatic strategy for straightforward in vitro generation of C-terminally linked fusion proteins. Tubulin tyrosine ligase is used for the incorporation of complementary click chemistry handles facilitating subsequent formation of functional bispecific antibody-fragments. This simple strategy may serve as central conjugation hub for a modular ...

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