NC2 mobilizes TBP on core promoter TATA boxes

Nature Structural & Molecular Biology, 2007, doi:10.1038/nsmb1328, 1-6 published on 11.11.2007, online article
The general transcription factors (GTFs) of eukaryotic RNA polymerase II, in a process facilitated by regulatory and accessory factors, target promoters through synergistic interactions with core elements. The specific binding of the TATA box–binding protein (TBP) to the TATA box has led to the assumption that GTFs recognize promoters directly, producing a preinitiation complex at a defined position. Using biochemical analysis as well as biophysical single-pair Fo¨rster resonance energy transfer, we now provide evidence that negative cofactor-2 (NC2) induces dynamic conformational changes in the TBP–DNA complex that allow it to escape and return to TATA-binding mode. This can lead to movement of TBP along the DNA away from TATA.

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