The 1.8-Å Crystal Structure of α1-Acid Glycoprotein (Orosomucoid) Solved by UV RIP Reveals the Broad Drug-Binding Activity of This Human Plasma Lipocalin

JMB, 2008, 384, 393-405 published on 16.09.2008
Journal of Molecular Biology, online article
α1-Acid glycoprotein (AGP) is an important drug-binding protein in human plasma and, as an acute-phase protein, it has a strong influence on pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of many pharmaceuticals. We report the crystal structure of the recombinant unglycosylated human AGP at 1.8 Å resolution, which was solved using the new method of UVradiation- damage-induced phasing (UV RIP). AGP reveals a typical lipocalin fold comprising an eight-stranded β-barrel. Of the four loops that form the entrance to the ligand-binding site, loop 1, which connects β- strands A and B, is among the longest observed so far and exhibits two full turns of an α-helix. Furthermore, it carries one of the five N-linked glycosylation sites, while a second one occurs underneath the tip of loop 2. The branched, partly hydrophobic, and partly acidic cavity, together with the presumably flexible loop 1 and the two sugar side chains at its entrance, explains the diverse ligand spectrum of AGP, which is known to vary with changes in glycosylation pattern.

TU München
Helmholtz München
MPI of Neurobiology
MPI of Biochemistry