Optimized Chemical Proteomics Assay for Kinase Inhibitor Profiling
Solid supported probes have proven to be an efficient tool for chemical proteomics. The kinobeads technology features kinase inhibitors covalently attached to Sepharose for affinity enrichment of kinomes from cell or tissue lysates. This technology, combined with quantitative mass spectrometry, is of particular interest for the profiling of kinase inhibitors. It often leads to the identification of new targets for medicinal chemistry campaigns where it allows a two-in-one binding and selectivity assay. The assay can also uncover resistance mechanisms and molecular sources of toxicity. Here we report on the optimization of the kinobead assay resulting in the combination of five chemical probes and four cell lines to cover half the human kinome in a single assay (∼260 kinases). We show the utility and large-scale applicability of the new version of kinobeads by reprofiling the small molecule kinase inhibitors Alvocidib, Crizotinib, Dasatinib, Fasudil, Hydroxyfasudil, Nilotinib, Ibrutinib, Imatinib, and Sunitinib.